Let’s start -Basic English grammar of ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE
Active – Action
Passive- To be acted upon
Base- Ram (subject) kills (verb) a tiger (object)
1.Tense – Present (how to make passive )
Eg- Active -Ram kills a tiger
Passive –A tiger is killed by Ram.
Continuous –Object +is /am /are+ being +v3+by+subject
Eg -Active -Ram is killing a tiger.
Passive – A tiger is being killed by Ram
Perfect –object +has been /have been +v3 +by + subject
Active –Ram has killed a tiger.
Passive – A tiger has been killed by Ram
2.Tense -Past –(how to make passive )
Indefinite –object +was /were + v3+by+subject
Active – Ram killed a tiger
Passive –A tiger was killed by Ram.
Continuous –object +was/were + being +v3+by +subject
Active –Ram was killing a tiger.
Passive –A tiger was being killed by Ram.
Perfect –object +had been +v3+by +subject
Active –Ram had killed a tiger.
Passive –A tiger had been killed by Ram.
3.Tense – Future (how to make passive )
Indefinite –object +shall/will+be+v3 +by +subject
Active -Ram will kill a tiger.
Passive –A tiger will be killed by Ram.
Continuous –object +shall/will+being +v3+by+subject
Active –Ram will be killing a tiger.
Passive –A tiger will being killed by Ram.
Perfect –object +shall/will + have been +v3 +by +subject
Active –Ram will have killed a tiger.
Passive –A tiger will have been killed by Ram.
INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE –(how to make passive )
Wh – Interrogative –passive
Who- by whom
Active – who writes this letter?
Passive –By whom is this letter written?
Wh + helping verb +object +v3 +by +subject
Active-When do they send the letter?
Passive –When is the letter sent by them?
Active-Why do they make a noise?
Passive –Why is a noise made by them?
Active -What do you eat mango?
Passive –What is mango eaten by you?
Active -Who has written this letter?
Passive –By whom has this letter been written?
Yes/ no question
Active –Do machines make these buttons?
Passive -Are these buttons made by machines?
Active -Does Sita write this story.
Passive –Is this story written by Sita?
Active – Did you see him?
Passive –Was he seen by you?
Active -Has tom invited you?
Passive -Have you been invited by tom?
Modal – Active -Can we cut the tree?
Passive –Can the tree be cut by us?
Active –Will they sell the house?
Passive –Will the house be sold by them?
Active –Should the Doctor examine him?
Passive – Should he be examined by Doctor?
Commands (imperative sentence )-Let/ Please /kindly
Passive (let +object +be+v3+…)
Active -Open the box.
Passive –Let the box be opened.
Active –Switch off the fan.
Passive –Let the fan be switched.
Please /kindly-You are requested to ….
Active -Take this chair, please.
Passive –You are requested to take this chair.
Active-Kindly read this latter.
Passive –You are requested to read this latter.
MORAL – (नै ति क )object +should be/should not be+v3
Active – Help the poor.
Passive – The poor should be helped.
Active – Don’t hate the poor.
Passive –The poor should not be hated.
Don’t – You are forbidden
Active -Don’t play with fire.
Passive –You are forbidden to play with fire.
Object +am to, is to, are to, has to, have to, had to, was to, where to, able to, about to,+be +v3…
Active –I am to read this book.
Passive – This book is to be read by me.
Object +can,could , may ,might ,must ,should ,would ,+be+v3..
Active -I can do this.
Passive-This can be done by me.
Active – Sidhant can win the prize.
Passive –The prize can be won by Sidhant.
I hope you like this post -Basic English grammar of ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE