Basic English grammar rules to understand

Basic English grammar rules to understand

Let’s stars this -Basic English grammar rules to understand



1 Noun –name of person, place, animal or things eg- Hemant, Jharkhand, Ranchi, Tiger, computer.

2.Pronoun –Used in place of noun .eg –he, she, it, I, We, You…

3.Verb– Action word (principal verb) ,helping verb,modal verb

Action word- speak ,write ,read…

Helping verb-is, am, are, was, were shall …

Modal verb-Can, could, should, may, might, must …

4. Adjective -qualifies noun & pronoun eg -tall, good, smart…

5.Adverb-modifies  verb ,an adjective ,.eg-loudly ,fast …

6.Preposition –used before noun & pronoun & shows relation with each other eg-in, on, at, from, since…

7.Conjunction –joining word or sentence. eg-and, but ,also ,or,  ,neither ……nor ,either….or …

8. Interjection –expresses the sudden feeling of joy & sorrow .eg –oh!. Ah!, wow! hurrah! …

Basic English grammar

1.NOUN-Kinds of noun –

  1.Proper noun –the name of a particular person or place or thing. Jharkhand, Deepak, computer…

  2.Common noun –common to every person or place of the same     teacher, student, doctor girl boy …

 3.Collective noun –collection of personal things .eg –class, crowd, jury, army, herd,

 4.Material noun –the name of substance a thing is made of eg-silver, gold,   wood, oil …

5. Abstract noun –shows quality, action, state eg-honesty, kindness, movement, judgment, childhood, boyhood, youth sickness, death, poverty…


Now –Noun divided into two parts

Countable noun –book, pen, apple, boy, sister, teacher, doctor…

Uncountable noun –milk, oil, sugar, salt, gold, honesty…



a.Personal pronoun

First-person         Second person      Third person

S               P            S            p                   S                        P

I, MY      WE         YOU     YOU       HE, SHE,(Name) THEY

MINE   OURS                    YOURS   HIS, HER              THEIR

ME          US                                           IT

b.Reflexive pronoun –subject & object are the same eg-I will solve this problem myself

c. Relative pronoun –who, which, whose, that join two  – I found the book which I lost yesterday.

d.Interrogative pronoun –Used for asking questions.

Eg-What is your qualification?

e.Demonstrative pronoun –This, that .these. those are used to demonstrative .eg-This is my book.

f.Distributive pronoun –each either, neither used for person or thing .eg – each of the students has a bag



a. Principal verb– come, go, write.

kinds of principal verb 1.Intransitive verb-needs no object. eg-the sun shines.2. Transitive verb needs reads a book.

b. Helping verb– is, am, are, was, were, has, have, had, shall, will..(be)

 v1                v2                 v3                          v4( ing)                      v5 (s/es)

read              read           read                     reading                 reads   

write             wrote         written                 writing               writes

play              played           played               playing                 plays


4.Adjective –

Teacher-experienced strict, punctual, sincere…

Student -Laborious ,punctual decent ,honest…

V4 as an adjective –drawing-room drinking water, greeting card …

V3 as an adjective –spoken English, disciplined students, boiled egg….



1.Adverb of time (when ) I go for a walk daily.

2.Adverb of place (where)The bus stopped here.

3.Adverb of manner(how)The students speak loudly.


6.PrepositionIn– big city, place–he lives in Delhi.

At  – Small city, place,-They lived at Ranchi in Jharkhand

To/Into– He goes to school, he jumped into the river

Among-More than two, he distributed the mango among children

Between –For two-person or things, he distributed the mango between Ram & Shyam.

Beside – By the side of -,Raj hospital is situated beside V mart.

Besides –In addition to, I know English besides Hindi.

Within  –To indicate completion of work before the end of a period,

 I’ll finish the work within 6 months.

Since –point of time, I have been learning English since 2019.

For –a period of time,  I have been learning English for 3 years.

From– Shows separation, a relation of time, I am coming from college. 

She reads at night from 9 to 11.

With –used before the instrument,    He writes with a pen.

By-used with an agent,  A tiger was killed by Ram

On –The book is on the table.

Over-The fan is moving over us./ The airplane is flying over the tree.

Under –The pen is under the desk.

Above –the sun rose above the hill.


7.Conjunction –    And – Rohan and Shyam are going.

But –Rita is present but Geeta is absent.

Therefore –He is ill therefore he is weak.

If – If you work hard, you will succeed.

When – when I went to Agra, I saw the Taj mahal.

While – I met my uncle while am going to college.

Than –The Sun is brighter than the Moon.

Then –read the question carefully then write the answer.

Because – He can not run fast because he is ill.

Although –Although we played well, we lost the match.

Or– Take tea or coffee.



Hello! how are you.

Aha! what a delicious food.

Hurrah! we won the match.

Oh!  what an accident.

Alas! he died.

Bravo! good shot.

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Basic English grammar rules to understand

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